August 04, 2017 / Gold-filled Info

Gold-Filled vs. Gold-Plated Jewelry

Read how gold-filled jewelry compares to gold-plated jewelry. Learn about constructions, durability and the care & cleaning for both. ...

Here's the rundown on the differences between gold-filled vs. gold-plated jewelry. Learn how they compare and contrast to make an informed jewelry buying decision.

So, you're curious about the differences between gold-filled and gold-plated jewelry. Maybe you've already done some research but have come across confusing, conflicting, or downright false facts on the subject. Never fear, below you can find the research we've done into the subject, along with an infographic that you can print so you'll always have it on hand.

Now let's get started.

Is Gold-Filled the same as Gold-Plated?

No. Not only are their manufacturing processes different, but the amount of gold alloy used on gold-filled pieces is different than gold-plated.

Gold-filled vs. gold-plated comparison
Comparison of the amount of gold alloy that would be found
on a cross-section of gold-filled and gold-plated wire.

The layer of gold alloy on gold-plated jewelry is so minuscule it is barely noticeable in the above image. Gold-filled jewelry has 100x more gold alloy than gold plated and because that layer is so much thicker, it means gold-filled jewelry lasts longer and stands up to wear and tear better than gold plated. All it would take is one small scratch on a gold-plated piece to expose the jeweler's brass underneath.

Why is there such a difference in the amount of gold alloy? The answer lies in the manufacturing process:

Gold-filled vs. gold plated process
To make gold-filled pieces, the core metal is sandwiched between two layers of gold alloy which is then heated and passed through a roller several times - a process that both bonds the metals together and thins the sheet out. To make gold-plated pieces, an electric current is used to negatively charge the base metal and positively charge a solution containing gold ions. The positive gold ions are attracted to the negative charge of the core metal, slowly forming a layer of gold on top of the core.

Thicker amounts of gold alloy can be added during both processes but typically the amounts shown before are the standard.


How do they compare durability wise?

As said before in the first section, gold-filled pieces are generally more durable than gold-plated due to the thicker layer of gold alloy. The longevity of either type is dependent on the wear, environment, and quality of the piece.

Gold-filled vs. gold plated durability
As long as the piece is well cared for, gold-filled jewelry can last a lifetime. Gold plated jewelry is not very durable and can't stand up to much heat, water, or wear.

What about Tarnishing?

The thickness of the gold alloy layer also affects the piece's chance of tarnishing.

Gold-filled vs. gold plated tarnishing
Gold-filled pieces can still tarnish, but it takes special circumstances for that to happen. Pure gold doesn't tarnish, so even though it's an alloy, the thick layer on gold-filled pieces prevents tarnishing. Due to the thin layer of gold which can easily wear off, gold plated pieces can tarnish once the core metal is exposed.

To clean gold-filled jewelry without scratching it (which would lead to tarnishing) use an untreated cloth or mild soapy water. Do not scrub the piece. As for gold-plated, clean only if you absolutely must. We suggest using a cotton ball and as with gold-filled do not scrub. LEARN MORE ABOUT CLEANING GOLD-FILLED JEWELRY >>

Best Uses

After all of this, you are probably wondering what's even the point of gold-plated jewelry. We'll give you a couple of ideas on when to use gold-filled or gold-plated jewelry.

Gold-filled jewelry is best used where longevity and durability are a must. Gifts for anniversaries, birthdays, and other such events are much more meaningful when the piece is meant to last decades. Another such occasion is when a piece is worn on a daily basis - a gold-plated piece would last mere months if worn daily. SHOP GOLD-FILLED JEWELRY CHAIN >>

Gold-filled and rose gold-filled jewelry supplies

Gold-plated jewelry is great for those 'of the moment' trends. This way you can be a part of the trend without having to worry about whether your investment into a more expensive piece was worth it. Jewelry for costumes and cosplay is another great use for gold-plated jewelry. These pieces tend to be worn once or twice so the look is more important than the durability.

Download Gold-Filled Care and Cleaning Info Cards

These cards are formatted to fit on 2x3 business cards! Create a double-sided insert or add them to the back of your business card so your customers will always know how to care for their jewelry.

Gold-Filled Info Card

Gold-Filled Care & Cleaning Card

Gold-Filled 101

Further Reading

Soldering Gold-Filled Jewelry

9 Types of Gold Metal Used in Jewelry

What Does Gold-Filled Mean - 6 Things You May Not Know


Q: What does it mean when it says 14k UD? - Nessa

A: Hi Nessa. Great question. I believe “UD” stands for either "Unique Design" or is the makers mark and 14K
is the percentage of gold in the alloy. Hope that helps!


Q: Hi, I recently came across a charm that was ‘5% gold-plated’. Is this essentially the same as gold-filled? Or at least somewhat durable? - Emma

A: Hi Emma, plating is a process of electroforming that deposits gold on the surface of a base material. Gold-filled is produced through a unique bonding process of distinct material layers of brass and gold alloy using both heat and pressure. The process creates a more permanent bond.


Q: Thank you. Neat website. Been buying GF over plated for years due to I knew it was better but not why. I learned a lot today and also even got a math refresher on % vs. times. Took me a few to re-understand what I had forgotten due to decades of time. Now I know why certain jewelry styles are not available or hard to find that is GF and that GF is not a solid GF alloy but a 5% layer that is bonded to a base metal usually jewelers brass. Also that it can scratch or wear enough that is can tarnish if base metal is exposed. Lastly to not clean with any abrasive or excessive polishing. 

OMG, on it turning black in certain nation /ports. It would be interesting to know which. I doubt I would be going to such locations ever but still be interesting to know where and even why. The GF turning black in Nail Salons does not surprise me at all. The cancer rate for Nail Salon workers is extremely high as well for Hairdressers to. The chemicals used are dangerous and their needs to be development of new less toxic processes since I do not see women in general and some men changing their need or desire for such services. Thanks for your short and informative site here. - Patrick

A: Glad it was helpful, Patrick.


Q: Hello I have a gold plating machine.The normal time to dip is 2 minutes . If I leave it in longer can I get it thick enough for every day wear? - Lenny

A: Hi Lenny. I have never electroplated before, but I have heard that if you leave it in longer than recommended your gold can actually darken. I would suggest contacting the manufacturer of your
machine and asking them. They should have all of the answers that you need on that particular machine.

Wish to put this post in your studio or share with your friends? You're in luck! This infographic contains the major points talked about in this post in a single image!

Written By: Janelle Hinesley
Janelle Hinesley is the senior graphic design ninja and photographer at Halstead. She has over a decade of experience in both fields and loves to share her knowledge with jewelers to help them grow their businesses. Her pup Koda loves being the unofficial ‘squeaker tester’ of the Halstead Jewelry Studio.